Grades: 9-12

  • History of Western Canada
  • British North American Colonial History
  • Aboriginal History
Key Topics
  • Aboriginal Treaties
  • European-Aboriginal relations in the second half of the 19th Century
  • Primary and secondary source analysis

Author: Lindsay Gibson
Editors: Roland Case, John Lutz and Jenny Clayton
Historical Researcher: Jenny Clayton, PhD, Department of History, University of Victoria
Developed by: The Critical Thinking Consortium (TC2)

Were the Douglas Treaties and the Numbered Treaties Fairly Negotiated?

Step 8: Compare conclusions

Arrange for students to share their overall conclusions with a partner, and then initiate a class- wide discussion. For both the Douglas Treaties and the Numbered Treaties, invite several students to share their conclusions with the rest of the class. Encourage students to discuss the evidence and to remain open to the possibility that there may be no conclusive answer for some of the issues surrounding the negotiations of these treaties.

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Suggested Activities