Grades: 9-12

  • History of Western Canada
  • British North American Colonial History
  • Aboriginal History
Key Topics
  • Aboriginal Treaties
  • European-Aboriginal relations in the second half of the 19th Century
  • Primary and secondary source analysis

Author: Lindsay Gibson
Editors: Roland Case, John Lutz and Jenny Clayton
Historical Researcher: Jenny Clayton, PhD, Department of History, University of Victoria
Developed by: The Critical Thinking Consortium (TC2)

Were the Douglas Treaties and the Numbered Treaties Fairly Negotiated?

Step 7: Assess the fairness of the treaties

When each group has reached general agreement on the key evidence from the documents, invite students individually to formulate their own conclusion about the fairness of their assigned treaty negotiations. Distribute a copy of the activity sheet, #10 Conclusions about Fairness, to each student. For each of the four criteria, invite students to rate the fairness of the treaty negotiations and to offer supporting reasons. Afterwards, ask students to decide on an overall rating, and record their reasons on the back of activity sheet #10.

Use the rubric, #11 Assessing the Final Judgement, to evaluate whether students have offered plausible ratings of the fairness of the treaty negotiations supported with accurate and convincing evidence.

horizontal divider

Suggested Activities