Grades: 9-12

  • History of Western Canada
  • British North American Colonial History
  • Aboriginal History
Key Topics
  • Aboriginal Treaties
  • European-Aboriginal relations in the second half of the 19th Century
  • Primary and secondary source analysis

Author: Lindsay Gibson
Editors: Roland Case, John Lutz and Jenny Clayton
Historical Researcher: Jenny Clayton, PhD, Department of History, University of Victoria
Developed by: The Critical Thinking Consortium (TC2)

Were the Douglas Treaties and the Numbered Treaties Fairly Negotiated?

Step 5: Analyze the documents

Distribute three or four copies of the activity sheet, #3 Evidence of Fairness, to each member of each team. Encourage each team to collectively analyze their assigned documents, but to ensure that each team member keeps an individual record on the activity sheet of each analysis. Remind students to consider the criteria for fair bargaining discussed earlier when looking for evidence in their assigned documents about the fairness of the treaty negotiations.

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Suggested Activities