Grades: 9-12

  • History of Western Canada
  • British North American Colonial History
  • Aboriginal History
Key Topics
  • Aboriginal Treaties
  • European-Aboriginal relations in the second half of the 19th Century
  • Primary and secondary source analysis

Author: Lindsay Gibson
Editors: Roland Case, John Lutz and Jenny Clayton
Historical Researcher: Jenny Clayton, PhD, Department of History, University of Victoria
Developed by: The Critical Thinking Consortium (TC2)

Were the Douglas Treaties and the Numbered Treaties Fairly Negotiated?

Extension Activities

Assign students to write a brief position paper on the biggest differences between the negotiations surrounding the two sets of treaties.

Invite students to discuss some of the present-day implications and problems associated with uncertainty over the fairness of the negotiations of the Douglas or Numbered Treaties.

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Suggested Activities